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“PUBLIC” CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURES:
Large commercial harbours and Small touristic ports

  • "Public" assets: highly populated areas due to commercial, touristic and working activities
  • Potential damages: not only economic but also social and political
  • Presence of "strategic" assets and also social-political ones (cruise ships, authorities buildings, VIPs yachts, etc) inside a large port

Strategic design

  • Multisensory approach: for reducing false positives and improving detection capability
  • Short range approach based on monitoring critical zones within the site: chock points, strategic assets, docks for cruise ships, etc.
  • Real time sensor acquisition and display into a single Control Centre: for immediate threat awareness and prompt countermeasure activations
  • Use of Optical devices limited by privacy laws; powerful sonars and radars limited by considerations on human and marine life health

Operational design

These sites typically are not bounded by restricted zones (“no-navigation” zones), therefore main configuration guidelines include:

  • Use of short-medium range Radars and Electro-Optical devices
  • Adoption of pier installations; fixed installations in traffic marine areas not recommended
  • Use of short range imaging sonars and underwater passive sensors; use of long range panoramic sonars or high power radars not recommended
  • Use of unmanned vehicles not recommended

Large Harbour

LARGE COMMERCIAL HARBOURS

  • Type of harbour: coastal breakwater, coastal natural, tide gate, etc
  • Critical zones (main chock points, channels, critical assets) approach according to operating requirement
  • Need of short & medium range monitoring
  • Low power active sensors (radars, sonars)

 

 

Small Port

SMALL TOURISTIC PORTS

  • Type of harbour: coastal breakwater, coastal natural, tide gate, etc
  • Few and narrow chock points (access to port area)
  • Low power active sensors (radar, sonars)

 

 

"STRATEGIC” CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURES:
LNG Terminals, Offshore platforms, Energy power plants by the sea

  • "Strategic" assets: fundamental for energy supply; production outages cause a direct economic loss and a significant impact on wide geographical areas and social groups.
  • Must be considered primary targets for terrorists
  • Potential damages: economic, strategic, environmental

Strategic design

  • Multisensory approach: for reducing false positives and improving detection capability
  • Long range approach and 360° configurations: for granting advance warning
  • Real time sensor acquisition and display into a single Control Centre: for immediate threat presence awareness and prompt activations of countermeasures

Operational design

These sites are usually surrounded by restricted zones (“no-navigation” zones), therefore main configurations guidelines include:

Use of long range Radars and Electro-Optical devices
Fixed installations including long range panoramic sonar and passive underwater detection sensors
Adoption of underwater networks, allowing sensor installation at the limit of the no-navigation area for increasing the detection coverage and allowing real time acquisitions.

 

LNG Terminal

LNG TERMINALS

  • Shallow water conditions, standard atmospheric conditions
  • Out of heavy ship traffic
  • Need for long range 360° monitoring and according with operating requirements
  • Restricted area around the asset

 

 

Offshore platform

OFFSHORE PLATFORMS

  • Far from ship traffic
  • Need for long ran
  • Deep water conditions, open sea, harsh atmospheric conditions
  • ge 360° monitoring and according with operational requirements
  • Restricted area around the asset, including underwater wells

 

Power plant

POWER PLANTS BY THE SEA

  • Shallow water conditions
  • Often located in public, highly anthropic densely populated areas
  • Vulnerability: sea water inlet for plant cooling

 

 

 

Use of unmanned vehicles for punctual local surveys and hull inspection

Europe

With the support of the "Prevention, Preparedness and Consequence Management of Terrorism and other Security-related Risks Programme", European Commission - Directorate-General Home Affairs